Each elevator is classified according to its maximum capacity and allowed loading and unloading procedures. To ensure safety, the load classification must be consistent with the intended operation of the elevator. If you are an owner trying to determine which type of freight elevator is right for your building, check out the general cargo classification, motor vehicle loading, centralized loading and industrial truck loading elevator overview to help you make a decision.
Most passenger elevators and general freight elevators belong to category A “general cargo loading”. This classification does not meet the demand for a portion of the load, which weighs more than 25% of the elevator capacity. The goods can be packed or unpacked manually, or you can use a trolley. When using a cart to unload or unpack, the weight must be added as part of the 25% load limit. Standard elevators can support Class A loads, while other more powerful forms of load can strain and damage elevators.
If you do not know the loading level of the freight elevator, always consider it a Class A elevator to prevent unsafe conditions caused by the use of dangerous loading methods.
Class B relates to freight elevators used to transport motor vehicles. Due to the ability to transfer the most weighty car to the load capacity of the elevator itself, freight elevators belonging to this category are ideal for businesses that need to transport their cars.
Class C1 freight elevators can be packed or disassembled using industrial trucks. The truck can stay in the elevator while it is running, but the total mass of the load and truck cannot exceed the maximum capacity of the elevator itself.
The Class C3 elevator allows the load on the specified platform to reach 150% of the elevator’s confirmed capacity. A forklift or forklift can be used to load the elevator, but unlike a Class C3 freight elevator, the loading device used prior to use of the elevator must be removed from the elevator prior to use.
Class C3 freight elevators are suitable for high concentration loads where the weight during the entire unpacking and packaging process does not exceed the load, which means that the total weight of the load and all equipment used to move the load cannot exceed the capacity confirmed by the elevator. Class C3 freight elevators are typically used to transport loads and have the same weight as the elevator itself.
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